By Matt Garcia
Tracing the background of intercultural fight and cooperation within the citrus belt of larger l. a., Matt Garcia explores the social and cultural forces that helped make town the expansive and varied city that it truly is this day. because the citrus-growing areas of the San Gabriel and Pomona Valleys in japanese l. a. County extended throughout the early 20th century, the rural there built alongside segregated strains, essentially among white landowners and Mexican and Asian workers. before everything, those groups have been sharply divided. yet la, not like different agricultural areas, observed vital possibilities for intercultural alternate improve round the arts and inside of multiethnic neighborhood teams. no matter if fostered in such casual settings as dance halls and theaters or in such formal corporations because the Intercultural Council of Claremont or the Southern California solidarity Leagues, those interethnic encounters shaped the foundation for political cooperation to handle hard work discrimination and remedy difficulties of residential and academic segregation. even though intercultural collaborations weren't regularly winning, Garcia argues that they represent a huge bankruptcy not just in Southern California's social and cultural improvement but additionally within the greater heritage of yank race family.
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Extra resources for A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970
Similarly, Pasadena growers ﬂaunted their wealth by constructing elaborate rococo-style mansions along Orange Grove Avenue near the heart of town. 39 To exhibit the community’s aﬄuence, city planners enforced zoning laws and implemented architectural design standards based on Mission Revival and Victorian styles. ’’ The twin references of ‘‘Spanish’’ California and Victorian England, common among architecture throughout the region, served as ‘‘a visual sampling of power, of displaced wealth and command’’ unifying a narrative of conquest, past and present.
Dispersed economic development mitigated the formation of a city organized around a downtown district. 19 In Los Angeles County, towns varying in size from Pasadena to Pomona and Ontario served as nuclei for local control and community development throughout the region. Although the California Fruit Growers Exchange (cfge), the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce, and the Southern Paciﬁc Company inﬂuenced the expansion of the citrus industry from their oﬃces based in Los Angeles, growers successfully organized local clubs, grower associations, water companies, and chambers of commerce that decentralized this agriculture-based economy.
Courtesy of the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley) redeﬁning the relationship of humans to the natural world. In The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America, Leo Marx argues that prior to the industrial revolution, early capitalism in America developed visà-vis ‘‘geographic nature’’ rather than against social forms (such as feudalism), thus making ‘‘the relation between mankind and the physical environment . . ’’ By the mid-nineteenth century, however, the predominance of technology produced yet another interpretation of the agrarian, or ‘‘pastoral’’ ideal.