Get America as Second Creation: Technology and Narratives of New PDF

By David E. Nye

After 1776, the previous American colonies started to reimagine themselves as a unified, self-created neighborhood. applied sciences had an enormous position within the ensuing nationwide narratives, and some applied sciences assumed specific prominence. between those have been the awl, the mill, the canal, the railroad, and the irrigation dam. during this e-book David Nye explores the tales that clustered round those applied sciences. In doing so, he rediscovers an American tale of origins, with the United States conceived as a moment production inbuilt concord with God's first construction. whereas mainstream american citizens developed technological beginning tales to provide an explanation for their position within the New global, notwithstanding, marginalized teams advised different tales of destruction and loss. local american citizens protested the lack of their forests, fishermen resisted the development of dams, and early environmentalists feared the exhaustion of assets. A water mill might be considered because the kernel of a brand new group or as a brand new approach to make the most exertions. If passengers comprehended railways as a part of a bigger narrative approximately American enlargement and development, many farmers attacked railroad land offers. To discover those contradictions, Nye devotes alternating chapters to narratives of moment construction and to narratives of these who rejected it. Nye attracts on renowned literature, speeches, ads, work, and plenty of different media to create a heritage of yank beginning tales. He exhibits how those tales have been revised periodically, as social and fiscal stipulations replaced, with out ever erasing the sooner tales completely. a dead ringer for the remoted frontier kin carving a dwelling house out of the desolate tract with an awl persists to at the present time, along later photos and narratives. within the book's end, Nye considers the relation among those previous tales and such later American advancements because the conservation circulation, narratives of environmental restoration, and the idealization of wasteland.

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38 Smith was acutely aware of the American crisis, which had 34 Chapter 2 been building since 1770, and his critique of mercantilism can be read as a gloss on British policy toward the American colonies. The Wealth of Nations is often mistakenly abbreviated to the notion that laissez-faire economics ensures the fairest and most efficient system. In the details of his argument, however, Smith was able to see situations in which government rather than private interests ought to provide a service.

For most people, force was closely tied to observable phenomena, such as muscles or the movement of visible parts of machines. Inventors and scientists were interested in measuring force and in determining how efficiently falling water or expanding steam might be converted into useful movement, such as rotation. But in natural philosophy the idea of force still involved more than material causes and effects. For 2,000 years, from Aristotle until Kepler, the definition of force was quite different from the one it received in classical mechanics after Newton.

The region prospers. Elimination of the forest is equated with progress, hard work being tangibly rewarded for each acre cleared. Using an axe, the pioneer creates a new landscape—a landscape inscribed within a technological narrative that moves from desolate forest to clearing, from trees to logs, from wilderness to home, from empty space to civilization. , there was no entropy); and that these forces and natural resources were best developed not through mercantilist-inspired protectionism but in Adam Smith’s free market, where the measure of progress was the degree to which mankind increased its ownership of land or multiplied its control of forces.

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