Animal Architects: Building and the Evolution of by James L. Gould, Carol Grant Gould PDF

By James L. Gould, Carol Grant Gould

Animal habit has lengthy been a battleground among the competing claims of nature and nurture, with the prospective function of cognition in habit as a contemporary addition to this debate. there's an untapped trove of behavioral info which can let us know greatly approximately how the animals draw from those neural concepts: The buildings animals construct supply a great window at the workings of the animal brain. Animal Architects examines animal structure throughout quite a number species, from these whose blueprints are mostly innate (such as spiders and their webs) to these whose difficult constructions appear to require highbrow perception, making plans, or even aesthetics (such as bowerbirds’ nests, or beavers’ dams). starting with intuition and the easy houses of solitary bugs, James and Carol Gould circulate directly to conditioning; the “cognitive map” and the way it developed; and the function of making plans and perception. ultimately, they think of what animal development tells us concerning the nature of human intelligence-showing why people, in contrast to many animals, have to construct castles within the air.

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Monitoring of the rate of decline of progenitor-cell pools may aid the development of agents to target the progenitor and leukaemic stem-cell compartments in CML and other cancers. 1170 ©2005 Nature Publishing Group NEWS & VIEWS NATURE|Vol 435|30 June 2005 rubidium–strontium results, and demonstrate just how little the granulite lenses were affected by the later eclogite formation. The authors6 go on to estimate the temperature in the granulite lens during eclogite forSimon Kelley mation. Their conclusion — less than 400 ᑻC Conventional wisdom says that changes to crustal rocks pushed down deep — is a problem for the conventional interpretation of these rocks, given that a temperature of when continents collide develop over millions of years.

This subtle argument needs to be confirmed, because it assumes a speed on the order of the speed of sound, which is only true in the first fraction of a microsecond after impact (a much shorter timescale than observed experimentally). But it also allows us to understand why different gases behave differently; Xu et al. observed that splashing occurs more easily with a heavier gas (such as krypton or sulphur hexafluoride), showing an unexpected way to tune a splash. The idea that air can be used to control the behaviour of a drop can be exploited for other purposes.

Gerard P. Kuiper. — Nothing comparable with this work has appeared since the publication of Vol. 4 of the “Handbuch der Astrophysik” in 1929. A comparison of the two volumes demonstrates impressively the strides solar physics has made in a quarter of a century. The identification of ‘coronium’, the recognition of Hǁ absorption, postulation of the carbon–nitrogen cycle, invention of the coronagraph... ; but the cause can doubtless not be laid entirely at the door of the editor, who is as well aware as anyone how much solar research carried out in Soviet territories remains a closed book to Western readers.

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