Read e-book online Being and Becoming: A Field Approach to Psychology PDF

By Arthur Combs

Dr. Combs updates his groundbreaking box idea of character. This version grows out of Carl Rogers' rules on client-centered remedy and has lengthy been an immense effect on theories of psychotherapy and character in the humanistic and phenomonlogical traditions. right here Dr. Combs ties box psychology to the paradigm shifts in biophysical sciences, and so offers a unifying body of reference for all branches of psychology. His concise method of the subject makes this ebook of useful curiosity to scholars, medical psychologists and counselors, in addition to lecturers instructing upper-level or graduate classes in character and on healing techniques.

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Victor Raimy, who first defined the self-concept in 1943, said of it: "The self concept is the more or less organized perceptual object resulting from present and past self observation . . [it is] what a person believes about himself. 1 38 Being and Becoming This shorthand description of a complex self is helpful to outsiders, too. The self-concept can be used as a convenient approximation of the personality of a person. Psychologists, for example, find the self-concept useful for studying individuals because it represents the most stable, important, and characteristic self-perceptions of the person.

Thus, a person's experiences exert an irreversible effect on the field. It should not be assumed, however, that the original event can always be recalled just as it happened. Isolated perceptions, like the Greek passages of Burtt's experiment, may remain unchanged for long periods. Had these been brought frequently into figure over the years, they would undoubtedly have changed considerably. I recently visited my childhood neighborhood, which I had not seen since I was eight years old. I found it extremely difficult to recognize and was particularly shocked to discover that what I remembered as a bright, sunny, spacious neighborhood with considerable distance between houses was now a neighborhood of narrow streets, dark and overhung with trees, and houses practically on top of each other.

3 The perceptual field also has been called the personal field, the field of meaning, the experiential field, the private world, the behavioral field, the psychological field, the individual's life space, and the phenomenal field. The last term is derived from a school of philosophy known as phenomenology, which holds that reality lies not in the event but in the phenomenon; that is to say, in the individual's experience of the event. In this book we will occasionally use the term phenomenal field synonymously with the term perceptual field, only because this synonym will serve to avoid repetition.

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