By Donghui Zhang
Zhang reports 3 domain names of acculturation--language attitudes, cultural participation and social network--in relation to domestic language upkeep. Her effects point out that whereas most folks use chinese language as their dominant language, nearly all of the second-generation childrens desire utilizing English. different language attitudes and personal tastes accompany inter-generational clash. mom and dad see domestic language upkeep as severe to kin unity and second-generation young children turn into language and cultural agents in the family members. Co-ethnic networks, together with ties, young children s co-ethnic friends, and the co-ethnic group, are very important forces that give a contribution to little ones s domestic language upkeep.
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Extra resources for Between Two Generations: Language Maintenance and Acculturation Among Chinese Immigrant Families (The New Americans: Recent Immigration and American Society)
In addition, the increase rate of the Chinese immigrants after the 1980s is dramatic: from 1980 to 2000, the Chinese population had more than tripled, as compared to 24% in growth of the total US population in the same period. Today, the Chinese population is among the fastest-growing minority groups in the country (See Figure 2). 43 281,421,906 Data Source: US Census 1980, 1990, 2000. Figure 1: Asian Groups by Ethnicity 2000 Data Source: US Census, 2000. 4 In this book, the data of Asian (Chinese) populations in 2000 Census include those who report Asian alone and those who report Asian in combination with other races.
Table 3: Generational Language knowledge and Types of Acculturation Children’s Knowledge of Mother Tongue None Parents’ Knowledge Of English None Dissonant acculturation Limited Partial dissonant acculturation Consonant acculturation Fluent Limited Partial dissonant acculturation Partial consonant acculturation Consonant acculturation Fluent Selective acculturation Selective acculturation Selective acculturation Source: Portes & Rumbaut (2001: 145) When children move decisively in language shift to English while parents remain attached to their own language and culture (the first column-first row cell), dissonant acculturation will occur within the family, with the children being assimilated to the mainstream culture and the parents’ staying separated from it.
EDUCATION, OCCUPATION AND LANGUAGE However, the Chinese immigration history has clearly shown that of the increasing Chinese population, there is huge within-group diversity in terms of places of origin, language, education and occupation (McKay & Wong 2000). According to the 2000 Census, 48% of the Chinese have a bachelor’s degree or more, compared to the 24% of the total US population; whereas 23% of the Chinese have less than a high school education, compared to the 20% of the total US population.