Download PDF by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life: Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products

After reviewing the capability merits of using biobased commercial items over frequently used petroleum merits, this file examines the uncooked fabric source base for items and explains the variety of goods and processing applied sciences to be had. options are supplied as to easy methods to successfully make the transition to biobased items, with discussions of delivering enough funding and supportive infrastructure. additionally incorporated is a case research of lignocellulose-ethanol processing.

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Erwinia strains also contain enzymes called endoglucanases that aid in the solubilization of lignocellulose. The scientists’ success in engineering bacteria to produce a valuable commodity like ethanol is the first step. Further work is now needed to make these processes economically competitive with production of ethanol from petroleum-based materials. SOURCE: Beall et al. (1991); Beall et al. (1992); Ingram and Conway (1988); Ingram et al. (1987); Wood and Ingram (1992); Mohagheghi et al. (1998).

Administration officials pledged to reduce key greenhouse gases 7 percent below 1990 levels by the period 2008 to 2012. S. de). Biobased fuels could have a significant role in meeting these commitments. Because biobased fuels, such as alcohol, are derived from renewable (plant) sources (see Box 1-1), they do not add to the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere, unlike fuels derived from fossil sources (oil, natural gas, coal). When plants are harvested and converted to a biobased fuel, which then is burned, the carbon of the fuel will go into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide.

This federal program was initiated in 1986 to help owners and operators of highly erodible croplands conserve and improve the soil and water resources on their farms and ranches through long-term land retirement. The CRP provides monetary incentives for farmers to retire environmentally sensitive lands from crop production for 10 to 15 years and to convert them to perennial vegetation. 4 million acres through the year 2002 (ERS, 1997a). Some CRP lands may be suitable for harvest of perennial grasses and energy crop production while preserving soil and wildlife habitat.

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