Biodegradation and Bioconversion of Hydrocarbons by Kirsten Heimann, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Subramanian PDF

By Kirsten Heimann, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

This publication information 3 major issues: the screening and characterization of hydrocarbons from air, soil and water; applied sciences within the biodegradation of hydrocarbons; and the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, in addition to fresh advancements within the remediation of hydrocarbons and their environmental merits. the 1st part specializes in screening equipment, qualitative and quantitative research of hydrocarbons from soil, air and water environments, speciation of hydrocarbons, and usual bioremediation concepts in such environments. the second one part examines applied sciences for elimination hydrocarbon contaminants from a variety of environments, specifically complicated applied sciences for the removing of hydrocarbons and in-situ and ex-situ remediation techniques and difficulties, in addition to concrete case reviews. The final part, overlaying the bioconversion of hydrocarbons for biofuel/chemicals, highlights the biochemicals and bioproducts built from hydrocarbons, with a specific concentrate on biochemical and chemical applied sciences used to supply biopolymers, biofuel precursors and commodity chemical compounds from hydrocarbons.

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In addition, the table compares sedimentation rates to other aquatic systems using almost identical methods. There are more data on sediment fluxes available for the other systems because additional bulk density measurements were made for the later work (British Standards Institution 1975). In spite of its 1980s date, the data set is a valuable contribution to knowledge of sedimentation rates in UK estuaries (Baker 1993). The chronology data for SW (Hythe area) were essentially corroborated by Croudace and Cundy (1995) and Cundy et al.

1997). The equivalent contaminant PAH background in the Firth of Clyde sediment is characteristic of the “Anthropocene” (Vane et al. 2011). 2 Inputs of Total Hydrocarbons Historical industrial, municipal and military activities in the near-shore zone and hinterland have contributed to the total hydrocarbon (THC) contamination of MHW surficial sediments. As would be expected in a major oil port, evaluation of the available chemical data demonstrated that general levels of hydrocarbon contamination and its composition are consistent with petroleum-related operations and spills as a major source of pollution.

In this context the decommissioning of offshore O&G infrastructure may also be considered, of which the highest profile example was the controversy led by Greenpeace in 1995 surrounding the proposed (and UK government approved) deep sea disposal of Brent Spar, a redundant N. Sea oil storage facility owned by Shell and Esso. 2 Releases from Coastal Sources In order to place oil industry releases in the context of the overall inputs to the UKCS from all other sources, as shown above, the E&P industry has contributed a relatively reliable set of input data over the years.

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