Read e-book online Byzantine Coinage (Dumbarton Oaks Byzantine Collection PDF

By Philip Grierson

This ebook covers levels of the coinage, gold, silver, and copper coinage, forms and inscriptions, and ruler representations. Tables of values corresponding with a variety of occasions within the empire's historical past, a listing of Byzantine emperors, and a thesaurus also are supplied.

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33 The earliest and most important figurative religious representations on Byzantine coins are those of Christ. Two quite different busts of Christ were introduced in succession by Justinian II (685–695; 705–711)—the first a majestic bearded face, which seems ultimately to derive from that of the Phidian Zeus, stressing his divine nature (Fig. 9); the other a youthful head with a mop of closely curled hair, a portrait type that referred to his human nature and was considered to be more “true,” which is believed to have originated in Syria (Fig.

87 g. The obverse has a bust of Christ. The second group of “colleagues” on coins consists of ancestors, and their presence was limited to some reigns of the Isaurian and Amorian dynasties in the eighth and ninth centuries (Fig. 10). Constantine V began by placing the bust of his father, Leo III, on the reverse of his coins. This action may have occurred partly because users had become accustomed during preceding decades to seeing two emperors on the coins, and partly because Constantine’s family may have been influenced by the Islamic practice of adding patronymics to their personal names.

While the lighter coin ceased to be struck. 57 nummus (Gr. ), which served as the base of the accounting system. obryzum (aurum; Gr. obryzon) A technical Greek and Latin term for refined gold. obverse The side of a coin that bears the more important device, usually the head of a sovereign or, on Byzantine coins at the end of the seventh century and later, after the Restoration of Images in 843, a representation of Christ. officina A subdivision of a late Roman or Byzantine mint. pendilia Pendants hanging down at each side of the imperial crown.

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