By Ado Jorio, Gene Dresselhaus, Mildred S. Dresselhaus
The carbon nanotubes box has advanced considerably because the e-book of the bestseller Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, constitution, homes and functions . the current quantity builds at the frequent points of the aforementioned ebook, which emphasizes the basics, with the hot quantity emphasizing parts that experience grown swiftly because the first quantity, guiding destiny instructions the place learn is required and highlighting functions. the amount additionally comprises an emphasis on parts like graphene, different carbon-like and different tube-like fabrics simply because those fields tend to impact and impact advancements in nanotubes within the subsequent five years.
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The calculations show a big diﬀerence between the energies of the quasi-2D (BN) and the 3D (AlN, GaN) compounds. Nevertheless, the strain energy of the hexagonal AlN monolayer is smaller than that of the corresponding carbon nanotubes [103, 104]. From molecular dynamics simulations, it follows that AlN nanotubes could be stable at room temperature and begin to disintegrate at 600 K. Density-functional calculations were carried out also for graphitic-like monolayer GaN nanotubes. From these calculations, the same trends in the stability and characteristics are obtained as discussed above for AlN tubes.
Any signiﬁcant π-bonding contribution in such Si structures can be excluded. Therefore, the possible existence of Si nanotubes seems to be doubtful. Like silicon, germanium also crystallizes in the diamond structure. Germanium nanotubes based on graphitic-like layers were not investigated, but due to the missing π-bonding contribution, such structures should probably also be unstable. , with hydrogen atoms, as shown in refs. [89, 90] for silane SiH and germane GeH nanotubes. , CaSi2 ). The structure and stability of bundles of CaSi2 nanotubes were calculated by density-functional calculations .
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