By Robert J. Ross
by ROBERT ROSS and GERARD J. TELKAMP I In a feeling, towns have been superfluous to the needs of colonists. The Europeans who based empires outdoors their very own continent have been essentially interested by extracting these items which they can no longer collect inside of Europe. those items have been principally agricultural, and grown ordinarilly in a weather now not chanced on inside Europe. even if, as in India earlier than 1800, the key exports have been manufactures, ordinarily they have been nonetheless made within the nation-state instead of within the nice towns. It was once in simple terms on infrequent get together whilst nice mineral wealth was once chanced on that large metropolises grew up round the web site of extraction. in view that their situation used to be deter mined by means of geology, no longer economics, they may be within the such a lot inaccessible and in handy parts, yet they too might draw labour off from the rural objectives of the colony as an entire. From the viewpoint of the colonists, the towns have been hence in a few respects helpful evils, as they have been parasites at the rural manufacturers, competing with the colonists within the means of surplus extraction. however, the colonists couldn't do with no towns. the necessities of colonisation demanded many unequivocally city features. Pre-eminent between those was once after all the necessity for a port, to permit the export of colonial wares and the import of products from Europe, or from different elements of the non-European international, within the country-trade because it was once recognized round India.