Climate Change and Aviation Issues, Challenges and Solutions - download pdf or read online

By Gossling, Stefan.; Upham, Paul

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It is our hope that it will be read widely to increase the interest in and understanding of this important topic. Note 1 Higher numbers can be found in ICAO (2008a, p6): The total scheduled traffic carried by the airlines of the 190 Contracting States of ICAO amounted to approximately 2260 million passengers and some 41 million tonnes of freight. , Anderson, K. and Peeters, P. uk/about/strategy/whitepapers/air/ Doganis, R. com/en/climate-change/aviation-emissions-trading/article-139728, accessed 2 August 2008 Fabian, P.

5 per cent of global anthropogenic radiative forcing (RF; a climate metric, see ‘Climate concepts and metrics’ below) and that this resulted primarily from emissions of CO2 and NOx, and the formation of persistent linear contrails (AIC was excluded from the total RF quantification as no best estimate could be arrived at). This fraction of RF was estimated to increase to 5 per cent in 2050, according to a mid-range growth scenario. The largest uncertainties were associated with AIC (state of knowledge ‘very poor’), although significant uncertainties were attached to contrails (‘fair’) and NOx effects on O3 (‘fair’) and methane (CH4; ‘poor’).

Note 1 Higher numbers can be found in ICAO (2008a, p6): The total scheduled traffic carried by the airlines of the 190 Contracting States of ICAO amounted to approximately 2260 million passengers and some 41 million tonnes of freight. , Anderson, K. and Peeters, P. uk/about/strategy/whitepapers/air/ Doganis, R. com/en/climate-change/aviation-emissions-trading/article-139728, accessed 2 August 2008 Fabian, P. (1974) ‘Residence time of aircraft exhaust contaminants in the stratosphere’, CIAP Contract No.

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