By Hoon Jai Chun, Suk-Kyun Yang, Myung-Gyu Choi
Gastrointestinal endoscopy is the valuable device for the research and therapy of such a lot illnesses of the gastrointestinal tract. The Atlas of medical Gastrointestinal Endoscopy deals a accomplished evaluation of the function of gastrointestinal endoscopy in analysis. The atlas comprises an abundance of high quality photos of a variety of ailments of the higher and reduce gastrointestinal tract, observed by means of unique scientific descriptions. common findings and versions also are documented. in addition, many photographs received through complicated image-enhanced endoscopy, pill endoscopy, device-assisted enteroscopy, and endoscopic ultrasound are incorporated. This publication can be an amazing reference for either experts and trainees in gastroenterology. it is going to give you the reader with a useful shop of data and with the transparent suggestions required so one can practice gastrointestinal endoscopy to most sensible effect.
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In the acute state, erythema, edema, erosion, ulcer, exudates, and necrosis are common findings, while stricture, fistula, scar change, and telangiectasia may develop in the chronic stage. Coexistent fungal or viral esophagitis is not rare . 5 Eosinophilic Esophagitis Eosinophilic esophagitis is a recently recognized disease and can be defined as an allergic inflammatory condition of the esophagus . Characteristic symptoms include dysphagia, food impaction, or heartburn that are unresponsive to antireflux treatments.
S. J. Chun et al. S. Park Infectious Esophagitis the ulcers because CMV infects the submucosal fibroblasts and vascular endothelium. Esophageal infection occurs predominantly in immunocompromised hosts resulting from immunosuppressive treatment or infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), although involvement of healthy individuals can infrequently occur. Other causative microorganisms in infectious esophagitis include Candida, cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), and some bacteria .
3). However, in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), esophagitis with multiple pathogens can be a problem (Fig. 4). 1 HSV HSV can infect esophageal mucosa by reactivation via the vagus nerve or direct extension from oropharynx. Most infections are related to HSV type 1, despite several HSV type 2 cases. HSV esophagitis is usually observed in immunocompromised patients but can occasionally be found in immunocompetent individuals. Endoscopy with histopathological examination is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of HSV esophagitis.