Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications by John W. Berry, Ype H. Poortinga, Seger M. Breugelmans, PDF

By John W. Berry, Ype H. Poortinga, Seger M. Breugelmans, Athanasios Chasiotis, David L. Sam

This moment version of the easiest promoting textbook has been considerably revised to supply the coed with the main entire review of cross-cultural psychology on hand in a single quantity. The workforce of the world over acclaimed authors have integrated the main up to date study within the box and new chapters on language and on emotion. The booklet covers easy methods and idea and purposes of cross-cultural psychology with admire to acculturation, organizational techniques, communique, healthiness and nationwide improvement. the recent structure, word list and textual gains are designed to augment reader usability.

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There is thus evidence of a strong connection between parental ethnotheories and motor development: the Bambara believe that infants should sit at three to four months, and train them to this end; the Kongo-Lari believe that if an infant does not walk by eight months it is late in development, and go to seek a healer who practices a therapy which consists of motor manipulation and the application to the joints of a mixture made from the bones of ferocious animals and hot spices (Nkounkou-Hombessa, 1988).

The term African precocity can be seen as an example of ethnocentrism. The equally appropriate term of Euroamerican retardation is used nowhere in the literature. 23 24 Similarities and differences in behavior across cultures Differences at birth may be due to genetic factors, but certainly do not preclude pre-birth environmental influences, known as the intra-uterine experiences of the baby. Differences in birth weight can arise from differences in nutrition of expectant mothers, or from differences in their activity level.

In differentiation theory (Werner, 1957, p. 126) development implies “increasing differentiation, articulation and hierarchic integration” in the child’s psychological life. Greater differentiation implies specialization of psychological functions, as well as a more structured organization of these functions. These changes are largely the result of environmental experiences. Finally, there are theories in which ontogenetic development is seen as following essentially different pathways as a consequence of differences in the cultural environment in which the individual is growing up.

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