Culture and Customs of Sudan (Culture and Customs of Africa) by Kwame Essien PDF

By Kwame Essien

Amid a Sudan's darkish heritage, saturated with conflicts and tragic present occasions, lies a tradition with deep roots, going again so far as 8000 BC. With numerous hundred ethnic teams and languages, Sudan is without doubt one of the world's such a lot various international locations. find out how those cultures have combined and collided in the course of the centuries, and consider how traditions and customs are saved alive this day. spiritual ideals, social customs, arts, literature, and delicacies are one of the themes mentioned during this quantity, that is perfect for top university and undergraduate students.Chapters contain assurance on ancient historical past, religions and worldviews, literature and media, artwork and structure, food and conventional gown, gender roles, marriage, and relations, social customs, and tune and dance.A timeline of key occasions and bibliographical essay together with print and nonprint resources complement the paintings.

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Obviously, members of the educated class were divided over the question of a gradual process toward independence or an alliance with Egypt. The educated elites who became the bridge between the past and the future of the country inherited leftover secular, regional and ethnic problems from the Mahdist era. Most importantly, the continuous marginalization of southerners had lingering repercussions for the north-south divide. For instance, the failure by the British to provide an even distribution of resources and equal development between the north and the south also created lasting problems between the two groups, fracturing the political system of the country even after independence.

Although the British supported the idea of higher education during the occupation of Sudan, the British had other plans with racial dimensions. Once again, educational programs were largely placed in the hands of European missionaries who saw the south as the ideal region for conversion and for “civilization” purposes. For the British, they were occupied with projects that were desperately needed to create a buffer zone between the south and the north. Christian missionary work in the south was mainly embedded in a strong desire not only to “save the souls of heathens” but ambitious projects sought to introduce formal education as well as technical training to enhance colonial agendas.

Urban centers have evolved in many ways and are shaped by growing government housing reforms that are caused by increasing rural-urban migrations. This growth is influenced by the lack of resources and decent jobs in rural areas. 1 18 CULTURE AND CUSTOMS OF SUDAN RESOURCES, OCCUPATIONS AND ECONOMY Sudan’s economy is mainly agriculturally based. Agriculture is the major cash crop, which covers about 75 percent and generates over 80 percent of the country’s export. Economic systems in Sudan have been greatly interrupted by environmental, political and social changes since the nineteenth century.

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