Download e-book for kindle: Dictionary of Islamic Architecture by Andrew Petersen

By Andrew Petersen

The Dictionary of Islamic Architecture presents the fullest variety of creative, technical, archaeological, cultural and biographical information for the full geographical and chronological unfold of Islamic structure - from West Africa during the heart East to Indonesia, and from the 7th to the eighteenth centuries of the typical Era.
Over 500 entries are prepared alphabetically and completely cross-referenced and listed to allow easy accessibility to the textual content and to hyperlink goods of comparable interest.
Four major different types of material are explored:
* dynastic and regional overviews
* person site descriptions
* biographical entries
* technical definitions
Over a hundred appropriate plans, cartoon maps, pictures and different illustrations supplement and light up the entries, and the desires of the reader requiring extra details are met via person access bibliographies.

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Amongst the best examples of Ayyubid military architecture are Qal at Rabad at Ajlun in Jordan and Qal at Nimrud at Banyas in Syria. In addition the fortification of citadels was improved and the famous gateway of the Aleppo Citadel dates from this period. Some of the techniques of fortification were learned from the Crusaders (curtain walls following the natural topography), although many were inherited from the Fatimids (machicolations and round towers) and some were developed simultaneously (concentric planning).

The complex consists of a large square area enclosed within a tall wall and entered via a monumental gateway flanked by twin minarets. In the centre of the complex is a raised platform containing two large buildings either side of a sunken rectangular tank. To the east surrounded by a colonnade is the domed tomb chamber which has an extraordinary suspended stone ceiling. To the west of the pool is the the mosque with four thin minarets, one at each corner. The whole complex is decorated with painted, inlaid and carved ornament in the form of flowers and arabic calligraphy.

This is one of the earliest examples of Islamic funerary architecture and consists of a square chamber with a hemispherical dome and decorative brickwork on both the exterior and the interior. The corners of the building are formed by engaged cylindrical brick piers whilst the corners of the dome are marked by small domed finials. In the centre of each side there is a recessed niche containing a door which acts as a focus for the surface decoration. The main form of decoration is small, flat, tile-like bricks laid alternately in vertical or horizontal groups of three.

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