Download e-book for iPad: Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A by Nicholas Ambraseys

By Nicholas Ambraseys

This publication examines historic proof from the final 2000 years to investigate earthquakes within the jap Mediterranean and heart East. Early chapters evaluation innovations of historic seismology, whereas the most physique of the publication includes a catalog of greater than 4000 earthquakes pointed out from old assets. every one occasion is supported by means of textual proof extracted from basic assets and translated into English. overlaying southern Romania, Greece, Turkey, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iraq, the ebook records prior seismic occasions, locations them in a huge tectonic framework, and gives crucial details for these trying to arrange for, and mitigate the consequences of, destiny earthquakes and tsunamis in those international locations. This quantity is an critical reference for researchers learning the seismic heritage of the jap Mediterranean and heart East, together with archaeologists, historians, earth scientists, engineers and earthquake probability analysts. A parametric catalog of those seismic occasions should be downloaded from www.cambridge.org/9780521872928.

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Additional resources for Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: A Multidisciplinary Study of Seismicity up to 1900

Sample text

Much cracked near the fosse of the Cross . . ’. The fissure in the limestone beneath the Holy Sepulchre is nothing more than one of the many weathered joints in the rock foundation, perhaps the result of stress relaxation of the rock masses due to nearby excavations, quarrying, erosion or some other cause of non-seismic origin. Doubt can be cast on whether the earthquakes at the Crucifixion were ‘natural’. Had there been an earthquake with coseismic faulting of the Golgotha Hill, the causative earthquake should have been strong enough to destroy Jerusalem, for which there is no evidence.

Fortunately a tiny glimmer of light from the distant shaft appeared as he rounded the natural bend where the two driven tunnels met and he began to see the end of his fears. Geoff and Roger employed the muqqanis for one year to dig some shafts for strainmeters. The conditions were appalling. Whether they used candles or oil lamps Roger doesn’t recall, but he does remember the foetid smell and the thick dust that had all of them coughing for days. They asked for ten men and got only six or seven, he remembers, stopping when they ran out of funds because they had encountered tough consolidated alluvium.

There is also a substantial number of ‘original’ descriptions of destructive earthquakes, reported not only in contemporary sixteenth- and seventeenthcentury fly-sheets (flugbl¨atter) but also in early documents, regarding which on examination the information proved to be spurious. This shows that the fact that the information is coeval or even eyewitnessed is not a guarantee that it is not spurious, biased or invented for political reasons, or a figment of the religious imagination. 25 shows the front page of a tract published in the last quarter of the sixteenth century regarding a destructive earthquake somewhere in Palestine or northern Arabia.

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