New PDF release: Eating the Enlightenment: Food and the Sciences in Paris,

By E. C. Spary

Eating the Enlightenment deals a brand new viewpoint at the heritage of foodstuff, taking a look at writings approximately delicacies, nutrition, and nutrition chemistry as a key to bigger debates over the country of the state in outdated Regime France. Embracing a variety of authors and medical or clinical practitioners—from physicians and poets to philosophes and playwrights—E. C. Spary demonstrates how public discussions of consuming and ingesting have been used to articulate issues concerning the country of civilization as opposed to that of nature, concerning the results of intake upon the identities of people and countries, and in regards to the right shape and perform of scholarship. En course, Spary devotes large cognizance to the manufacture, alternate, and consuming of meals, focusing upon espresso and liqueurs particularly, and in addition considers controversies over particular matters resembling the chemistry of digestion and the character of alcohol. regular figures akin to Fontenelle, Diderot, and Rousseau look along little-known members from the margins of the realm of letters: the draughts-playing café proprietor Charles Manoury, the “Turkish envoy” Soliman Aga, and the average thinker Jacques Gautier d’Agoty. both pleasing and enlightening, Eating the Enlightenment will be an unique contribution to discussions of the dissemination of information and the character of clinical authority.

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He soon returned to Paris, entering the circle of the king’s premier physician, Guy-Crescent Fagon, and acquiring a degree from the Paris medical faculty in 1697. This was one of only two ways in which a physician like Hecquet or Andry, holding a medical degree from a provincial university, could legitimately practice in the metropolis, the other being to obtain a royal privilege. Hecquet was soon honored with the title of Doctor Regent of the faculty. 15 By contrast, Andry’s religious views were closer to the Molinism exhibited by many of the Mémoires de Trévoux reviewers.

In the first instance, then, attention to digestion allows the production of natural knowledge to be firmly situated within the domains of the body and of everyday life. Second, controversy over such issues rehearsed contemporary conflicts about the relative power of doctors, cooks, and eaters, an issue that will be reprised in subsequent chapters. Appeals to medical and scientific authority could legitimate proposals for the reform of society 5. Arnulphe D’Aumont, “Déjection” (1754), in Diderot and d’Alembert 1751–77, 4:770–73; Spary unpublished, chap.

Debus 2001, 26. 12. Lémery 1705, 306; Linand 1700. 13. Mémoires de Trévoux (1702): 32–33. intestina l struggles 23 favored the cultivation of the soul, rejected the pleasures of the body, and treated the proliferation of wealth and luxury with suspicion. During the early years of the century, different medical explanations for digestion mapped onto these distinct programs for the future of French society. In 1709 Philippe Hecquet, a doctor of the Paris medical faculty, published his Traité des dispenses du Carême (Treatise on Lenten Dispensations), which proclaimed the moral bankruptcy of Lenten dispensations.

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