Encyclopedia of Mongolian and the Mongol Empire by Christopher P. Atwood PDF

By Christopher P. Atwood

From Genghis Khan to the arid wastes of the Gobi barren region, from the Soviet Unions so much Stalinist satellite tv for pc to the 1st Asian communist nation to embody democracy, Mongolia has continuously been a space of puzzle and dread to westerners. Studied at school as a part of the center curriculum, the Mongol Empire as soon as stretched throughout Asia from the Pacific Ocean to Kiev and Baghdad. nowa days, curiosity in Mongolia has been unexpectedly sparked via the outlet up of the rustic after 70 years of isolation within the Communist block. this primary finished A-to-Z encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongols offers updated, exact, and readable entries on all features of this peoples turbulent heritage and wealthy tradition, from prehistory to fashionable occasions. whereas specific emphasis is put on the Mongol Empire, entries conceal the countrys whole historical past and variety from geography to tradition and faith to personalities, battles, way of life, and folklore.

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Foreign artisans soon mastered the making of the Mongol tents, or yurts, and a captive woman from Lorraine prospered by crafting YURTS. In 1253 MÖNGKE KHAN deported 500 households, probably from China, to repair and maintain the imperial ordos. The palaces in the Mongol capital of QARA-QORUM, built astrology 25 by ÖGEDEI KHAN (1229–41), were constructed by separate North Chinese and Muslim colonies of craftsmen. The Mongols showed particular interest in weapons makers, Middle Eastern weavers of silk and gold brocade (Arabic nasij, Persian nakh, Mongol nashishi, called baldachin or “cloth of Tartary” in Europe), Chinese ceramics, architecture, and Buddhist statuary.

By 1927 the army numbered 8,300, of which 46 percent were members of the People’s Revolutionary Party or Youth League. Separate border troops were organized under the Office of Internal Security, and armored cars, transport planes, and biplane bombers were received from the Soviet Union. In 1932 the importance of the People’s Revolutionary Army increased dramatically. 4 million (1931) to 12 million tögrögs (1932). By 1936 military expenditures had doubled again, to 24 million tögrögs, and were eating up half the budget, a situation that would last through WORLD WAR II.

Yomuqur returned in 1296 and was pardoned, but in 1300 Mingliq-Temür was still with Qaidu. After the fall of the Mongols’ YUAN DYNASTY in China, Yisüder, a descendant of Ariq-Böke, allied with the OIRATS and murdered the Qubilaid khan in 1388. ), became puppet khans with Oirat support. Ariq-Qaya (Ali-Haiya) (1227–1287) Uighur peasant’s son who under Qubilai Khan became one of the conquerors of South China Born a peasant, Ariq-Qaya studied the UIGHUR-MONGOLIAN script for a month and went to Mongolia to seek his fortune, joining the prince Qubilai’s entourage.

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