By Vladimir Kren, Ladislav Cvak
The 6th quantity within the sequence Medicinal and fragrant crops - business Profiles is written by means of specialists actively operating in ergot learn. Ergot (Claviceps purpurrea) is better often called a affliction of rye and grasses. it truly is the most broadly cultivated fungus and it has develop into a massive box crop. Ergot alkaloids, that are greatly utilized in medication, are the most reason behind its value. The booklet starts off with the heritage of ergot study that's resembling that of the invention of penicillin. assessment articles on Claviceps taxonomy, genetics, biogenesis and pharmacology are in line with contemporary achievements in molecular biology - a few of them released right here for the 1st time. The chapters on ergot cultivation, body structure and biotechnology are written by way of exotic specialists in undefined. Sections facing the chemistry of ergot alkaloids and biotransformation are complete and function sturdy reference fabric. distinctive details on global manufacturers and
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Extra resources for Ergot. The Genus Claviceps [ergotamine, LSD]
Chim. Acta, 37, 2039-2057. , Brunner, R. A. (1973) Ein neues Alkaloid aus dem Mycel eines Clauiceps purpurea-Stammes. Zur Biogenese von Ergocristin. Experientia, 29, 936-937. , Stadler, PA and Hofmann, A. (1970) Syntese vori Ergonin und Ergoptin, zweier Murterkornalkaloid-Analoga der Ergoxin-Gruppe. Helv. Chim. , 53, 1278-1285. A. (1967) Ferrnentative production of hallucinogenic indole compounds. Lloydia, 30, 39-66. R. (1935) The active constituents of ergot. A pharmacological and chemical study.
1962) Biogenetic interrelationships of ergot alkloids. Arch. Biochem. , 98, 457-470. , Scotti, T, Spalla, C. and Tognoli, L. ) Tul. Experientia, 22, 415-418. , Scotti, T, Spalla, C. and Tognoli, L. (1967) Ergotamine production in submerged cultures and physiology of Claviceps purpurea. Appl. , 15, 597-602. , Scotti, T, Spalla, C. and Tognoli, L. (1969) Ferrnentative process for producing ergocriptine. S. Pat. Off. 3,485,722. , Minghetti, A. and Spalla, C. (1971) Fermentative process for the preparation of ergocornine and ergosine.
Jointly, these observations point to unique features of pistil surfaces which appear to be indispensable for the establishment of infection. Additionally, imitation of specific pollen-stigma interaction has been suggested. Therefore, molecular cytological investigations of the pistil 30 KLAUS B. TENBERGE surface and the interaction-specific reactions are necessary (see Chapter Histo- and cytopathology of infection). , 1984, 1985). There are some striking similarities between the process of fungal colonization and natural fertilization, for the plant's ovary mainly serves as a host for the male gametophyte in order to favour and to guide pollen tube tip-growth.