By Molly Lee, Gregory A. Reinhardt, Andrew Tooyak Jr.
The structure of Eskimo peoples represents a diverse and winning technique of dealing with the most serious climates humankind can inhabit. the preferred photo of the igloo is yet one of many many constructions tested through specialists Lee and Reinhardt within the first book-length and arctic-wide research of this extraordinary topic.
Lavishly illustrated with ancient and modern pictures, drawings, and maps, this quantity contains a entire survey of the historic literature on Eskimo structure round the circumpolar north. Lee and Reinhardt then draw a longer comparative research of the geographical, climatic, and ethnographic elements of a magnificent breadth of fabric from 4 Arctic subregions: Greenland; the principal Arctic; the Northwest Arctic and Bering Strait; and Southwest Alaska, the Bering Sea, Siberia, and the Gulf of Alaska. In an leading edge attention of either fabric and cultural elements of residing, they and the peoples they describe redefine the very which means of ''architecture.''
While students of the circumpolar north will welcome the meticulous examine of this benchmark examine, its transparent and fluent prose and considerable illustrations make Eskimo structure an engrossing learn for nonspecialists drawn to the fantastic dwellings of arctic indigenous peoples.
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Additional resources for Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period
Next they were cut with an ulu and sewn with a bone needle, usually made from the leg of a gull or arctic hare. For this, women used the blind stitch, a sewing technique that only partly perforated the skins’ thicknesses, creating waterproof seams. They made sinew thread by shredding caribou, seal, or, in parts of Greenland, narwhal tendon. Moreover, women were the engineers in Eskimo societies: It was they who erected these shelters upon arrival at each new summer encampment, setting up the frame, stretching the tent-skin over it, and securing the cover’s skirt with stones against inclement weather.
The antiquity and origin of the snowblock igloo is uncertain (Birket-Smith 1936:30; Kuznetsov 1964:239) and hard to trace archaeologically because F ESKIMO ARCHITECTURE C D snow, the abandoned building material, disappeared with the next spring thaw (Savelle 1984). In the early historic period, the Central Eskimos made stone-and-sod winter houses like those of their Thule forbears. By the midnineteenth century, however, all but the Labrador Eskimos had adopted the snow house (Boas 1901). ; Stefánsson 1914:61).
Still earlier, in the northern part of West Greenland, people constructed domed houses—probably single-family dwellings—using whale bones in place of stone or wood before or after moving from the winter house (Birket-Smith 1924:145–146). The Polar Eskimos used a second kind of spring and summer stone house, the qarmaq. Intended as temporary shelter, this seems to resemble a shelter that Kane described as “one of those strange little kennels which serve as dormitories when the igloë is crowded” (1856:2:159).