Download e-book for kindle: Faults and Subsurface Fluid Flow in the Shallow Crust by William C. Haneberg, Peter S. Mozley, J. Casey Moore, Laurel

By William C. Haneberg, Peter S. Mozley, J. Casey Moore, Laurel B. Goodwin

Published through the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.

This quantity deals a pattern of the range of study on faults and fluid circulation within the overdue Nineties. It describes specified floor and subsurface characterization of fault-zone constitution and diagenesis with implications for hydrology and petroleum geology; the position of faults in geothermal platforms; laboratory reviews of rock mechanics, permeability, and geochemistry of faults and fault rocks; and mathematical modeling of fluid stream via faulted and fractured rocks.

The such a lot outstanding and attractive characteristic of the amount, in addition to the final study subject of faults and subsurface fluid stream, is its interdiscplinary nature. The authors are drawn from the fields of structural geology, engineering geology, geohydrology and hydrogeology, sedimentology, petroleum geology, geothermal geology, rock mechanics, and geochemistry. Likewise, the emphasis on faults instead of easy open fractures increases concerns now not addressed in a lot of the literature on move via fractured rocks. even though faults are one of those fracture and semantics can confuse the difficulty, faults are mostly extra advanced than the straightforward fractures which are the point of interest of such a lot paintings in fractured rock hydrology. such a lot significantly, faults may have very huge displacements (up to many kilometers) and boost advanced tectonic materials, gouge zones, and juxtaposition of rocks or sediments of alternative types.

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1 and 2), showing main structural features and fault-zone architectural elements. HEYNEKAMP E T A L . 35 Figure 5. (a) Cemented hanging wall mixed zone. Main slip surface (S) and zone of deformation bands (between slip surface and z ) bound mixed zone to the left (west). Gravel bed in sand is cut by zone of deformation bands in upper left portion of photo, extended in pinch-and-swell boudins, and cut by post-cementation shear fractures (sf). Zone of deformation bands is 12 cm wide, (b) Photo of footwall mixed zone taken looking east with Chris Dimeo for scale.

J. S. Geol Surv. , Preliminary Map 16, scale 1:14000, 1 sheet, 1944. Pittman, E. , Effect of fault-related granulation on porosity and permeability of quartz sandstones, Simpson Group (Ordovician), Oklahoma, AAPG Bull, 65, 2381-2387, 1981. Purcell, W. , Capillary pressure - their measurements using mercury and the calculation of permeability therefrom, AIME Petrol. , 186, 39-48, 1949. Reynolds, S. , and G. S. Lister, Structural aspects of fluid-rock interactions in detachment zones, Geology, 15, 362-366, 1987.

D. Bryant, IAS Spec. Publ, 15, 113-123, 1993. Logan, J. , The influence of fault zones on crustal-scale fluid transport, AAPG Bull, 75, 623, 1991. , and R. Knipe, A detailed analysis of sub-seismic faults: implications for up-scaling, Fault Sealing Meeting Proceed. , Leeds, 24, 1996. McCaig, A. , Fluid flow through fault zones, Nature, 340, 600, 1989. Mollema, P. , and M. A. Antonellini, Influence of fault architecture on fluid flow: a comparison between faults in dolomite and aeolian sandstone, AAPG Abstr.

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