By Caitlin R. Kight
With their detailed crimson coloring and one-legged stance, flamingos are simply the main recognizable chicken on this planet. so much people don't comprehend, although, that there are literally six varied species of flamingo, every one differing in measurement and hue––and, regardless of first-class fossil files, scientists have had a tough time positioning the flamingo in the avian genetic tree. In Flamingo, Caitlin R. Kight untangles the clinical wisdom approximately this strange ornithological ask yourself and appears at the way it has figured in renowned culture.
Kight provides the flamingo in a concise and obtainable method, introducing its designated medical historical past along what we all know approximately its frequently antagonistic habitats and complicated social habit. She explores its genetic lineage and the confusions it has prompted, and he or she information the importance it has had for plenty of cultures, no matter if as a religious totem or a advertisement image of the tropical lifestyles. She even explains the way it will get its outstanding colour (hint: it has to do with its diet). a superb source for any chook lover, Flamingo presents necessary perception into simply what makes this flashy-feathered personality so special.
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These pheromones also regulate the transition of workers from nursing duties to other jobs in the colony, ensuring that there is an appropriate ratio of nurse bees to brood. In many ways, the brood controls the nurse bees with their pheromones, albeit passively. ase ele s r e e r v a on L a er om ph br o od ALARM PHEROMONES When an attack on the colony is perceived, guard bees release alarm pheromones to recruit more guard bees to the nest entrance and put all the workers on high alert. The action of stinging also causes alarm pheromones to be released, encouraging other workers to sting and guiding them to the target.
From these glands, the bee produces tiny, paper-thin scales of wax, which are kneaded together to create a workable ball of wax putty. Hexagonal cells are a great example of evolution ﬁnding the most efﬁcient solution. The hexagon shape provides the greatest volume of storage using the least amount of wax, and because wax takes a lot of energy to produce, by building in this way honey bees minimize energy expenditure. Hexagons are also incredibly strong, providing excellent resistance to external forces.
Bumblebee colonies usually maintain a few days’ supply of honey in tiny wax cups in the nest. Harvesting this honey is highly wasteful, as it requires destroying the nest, and for only a tiny amount of honey. The stingless bees are much more promising honey producers. Not only do they produce more reserves than bumblebees, they store it at the periphery of their nest, which means it can be harvested without destroying the colony. Stingless bees are not as productive as honey bees, and they do still defend their honey with tiny yet powerful jaws, but the honey they do produce is highly rated for its subtle ﬂavors.