By Peter Lummel, Peter J. Atkins
This interesting quantity examines the impression that fast urbanization has had upon diets and foodstuff structures all through Western Europe during the last centuries. Bringing jointly experiences from around the continent, it stresses the elemental hyperlinks among key adjustments in ecu social background and meals platforms, meals cultures and nutrition politics. individuals reply to a couple of vital questions, together with: while and the way did neighborhood nutrition creation stop to be enough for town and while did more suitable delivery stipulations and liberal advertisement kinfolk exchange neighborhood via supra-regional foodstuff offers? How a long way did the nutrients give a contribution to superior residing stipulations in towns? What impression did city shoppers have? meals and the town in Europe considering 1800 additionally examines problems with meals hygiene and future health affects in towns, seems to be at a variety of nutrition thoughts and the way ’new’ meals frequently first received reputation in towns, and explores how consuming models have replaced over the centuries.
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Rather than foods of handicraft origin, they offered speciﬁcally chosen food articles and luxuries of different qualities and price classes, such as tobacco, coffee, wine and spirits or delicacies. Those that were most successful established multiple-stores under a uniform name or trade mark. Sales of this highly graded food often made enough proﬁt to enable a location in the central retail district, where the highest turnover could be achieved. There was one other shop type, where all possible foodstuffs were found under one roof.
Third, retailing systems were different in the 1850s. One might understandably be tempted by a stage model that indicates earlier innovation in shop retailing in Paris, as instanced by the arcades in the early nineteenth century and later by department stores, but the reality is that there were other factors. For instance, in London a vast inﬂux of migrants was responsible for an army of desperate people seeking casual employment on the streets of the city, and, since there was no equivalent to Haussmann’s revanchist campaign to ‘cleanse’ the city centre of the poor, street vendors were able to establish a niche in the food economy similar in importance to the street vendors found nowadays in third world cities.
Jahrhunderts [Meat Consumption and Butcher’s Handicrafts in Basle from the Middle of the Nineteenth Century], Zürich, 2000. Hengartner, T. M. (eds), Genußmittel. Ein Kulturgeschichtliches Handbuch [Luxuries. M. and Leipzig, 2001. König, W. Geschichte der Konsumgesellschaft [History of Consumer Society], Stuttgart, 2000. Köllmann, W. Bevölkerung in der Industriellen Revolution [Population in the Industrial Revolution], Göttingen, 1974. Urbanization and Nutrition: Historical Research Reconsidered 23 Lesniczak, P.