By Zacharias B. Maroulis
Making use of the confirmed luck of recent procedure engineering economics to the nutrients undefined, foodstuff Plant Economics considers the layout and financial research of nutrition renovation, meals production, and nutrition constituents vegetation with reference to a few consultant foodstuff approaches. fiscal research of nutrients vegetation calls for the review of quantitative facts from the layout and operation of meals methods and processing crops. An accompanying CD-ROM comprises ready Excel spreadsheets for calculating a variety of foodstuff vegetation situations through making use of applicable facts in regards to the price of kit and kit sizing, fabric and effort balances, and plant working bills. starting with a radical historical past within the economics of a foodstuff plant, the 1st 3 chapters summarize contemporary advances in meals technique and learn expertise, the constitution of the meals process within the US and ecu, and the rules of contemporary layout in nutrition tactics, processing gear, and processing crops. the second one 3 chapters talk about strategy economics on the subject of the meals by means of employing the thoughts of capital rate, working price, and funds circulate to estimations of plant profitability. exact chapters disguise estimations of capital funding and working expenses together with statistical info, empirical versions, and invaluable principles of thumb. the remainder 3 chapters practice the concepts of the former discussions to meals renovation crops corresponding to focus, canning, and dehydration; production crops together with wine, bread, and yogurt; in addition to elements crops that produce sugars and oils. an invaluable appendix includes a word list, tables, conversions, nomenclature, nutrition homes, and warmth move coefficients.A sensible and accomplished remedy of method economics, nutrition Plant Economics presents a whole creation to the applying of this effective strategy to the meals undefined.
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Additional info for Food Plant Economics
Council of Economic Advisers, 2004. Economic Report of the President. C. Kostaropoulos AE, 1983. Concentration, Competition and Competitiveness in the Food Industry of the EEC. Commission of the European Communities IV/584/83-EN, Brussels, Belgium. Putman JJ, Allhouse JA, 1998. Food Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures, 1970– 1997. Food and Rural Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Dept. of Agriculture, Statistical Bulletin No. 965. US Census Bureau, 1992. Census of the Manufactures: Industry Report Series.
3. Electricity Electrical power in food processing plants is needed for running the motors of the processing, control, and service equipment, for industrial heating, and for illumination. For a medium size food plant processing about 100 tons/day raw materials, the power requirement may of the order of 500 kW. A standby power generator of about 200 kVA is recommended for emergency operation of the main plant, in case of power failure or breakdown. Single-phase or three-phase alternating current (AC) of 110 V (60 cycles) or 220 V (50 cycles) is used in food processing plants.
9. Climate (rainfall, snowfall, storms). 10. Living conditions, housing, schools, hospitals. 11. Site characteristics (soil, elevation, drainage, flooding). A medium size food processing plant would require a lot area of about 10,000 m2. Fruit and vegetable processing plants should be located near the agricultural farms, so that truck transportation will be fast enough to prevent any spoilage of the sensitive raw materials. Medium size processing plants of about 100 tons/day raw materials are usually built and operated for such materials.