Foreign Accent Syndromes: The Stories People Have to Tell - download pdf or read online

By Jack Ryalls, Nick Miller

What does it believe prefer to get up sooner or later conversing with a overseas accessory from a rustic one hasn't ever visited?

Why does somebody get up doing this?

This ebook seeks to painting the extensive and numerous reviews of people with an extraordinary neurological speech affliction referred to as international accessory Syndrome (FAS). via a mixture of non-public testimony and medical remark, the e-book goals to shed remarkable gentle at the knowing of FAS by means of elucidating the complicated hyperlinks among how the mind produces speech, how listeners understand speech and the function that accessory performs in our belief of self and others.

The first a part of the publication presents a accomplished creation to FAS and covers a few key topic parts, including:

• The definition and phenomenology of FAS

• A background of study on FAS

• The motives and psychosocial effects of FAS

• A consultant to additional interpreting and a thesaurus of specialised terms.

The chapters partly supply a special perception into the situation via own testimony and money owed from relatives. This choice of 28 tales from the world over underlines the significance of listening conscientiously to sufferers clarify their instances, and of their personal phrases. the ultimate part incorporates a questionnaire to be used via clinicians to aid case heritage taking.

The authors are top international specialists on FAS, and this can be the 1st quantity of its variety to supply this type of huge and finished exam of this infrequent and poorly understood situation. it is going to be of significant curiosity to training clinicians in neurology, psychiatry, psychology and speech and language therapy/pathology, in addition to scholars in future health disciplines appropriate to neurorehabilitation, linguists and in addition to households and caregivers.

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Extra resources for Foreign Accent Syndromes: The Stories People Have to Tell

Sample text

For a variety of well-understood motor control and linguistic reasons people who have neurological motor speech disorders may introduce an ‘uh’ sound into words – ‘stairs’ can sound like ‘suhtairs’, ‘cut’ like ‘ahcut’ or ‘cutah’, ‘white shirt’ like ‘whiteuh shirt’. This alters the perceived structure of the word and rhythm of the sentence. Importantly for English listeners, such changes can trigger the impression that this is someone with an Italian accent trying to speak English. If, however, what the listener hears are distortions to speech that are outside of their experience of natural languages – there are blocks and repetitions similar 30 Introduction to a stutterer, constant excess nasality, altered, gruff, squeaky voice quality, severely distorted sounds – ‘magazine’ sounds like ‘fhmazjin’ – then what they will perceive is a speech disorder.

If, however, what the listener hears are distortions to speech that are outside of their experience of natural languages – there are blocks and repetitions similar 30 Introduction to a stutterer, constant excess nasality, altered, gruff, squeaky voice quality, severely distorted sounds – ‘magazine’ sounds like ‘fhmazjin’ – then what they will perceive is a speech disorder. We will see later on that what is typically found in people with FAS due to neurological origins, if one listens or analyses very carefully, is that there are distortions to sounds, alterations to voice quality, changes to how nasal the speech sounds that clearly indicate an underlying speech disorder.

In a 1982 report he and colleagues presented an American woman who sounded Spanish. Since then Foreign Accent Syndrome has been the more usual label applied, at least in the Anglophone world. Whether this represents the most apt label is a moot point, but for the time being, we bow to current fashion and retain FAS (or syndromes, given there are a variety of aetiologies). Before moving on from the historical perspectives, one more important contribution from earlier reports is noteworthy. Several accounts of FAS are notable not solely because they drew our attention to the phenomenon, but because the writers endeavoured to throw light on why their patients sounded foreign.

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