By N.K. Garg
Increasingly more glass is getting used in structures. it really is now not thought of a delicate fabric. it truly is recyclable and cheap. Glass comes in quite a lot of architectural, structural, optical and acoustical houses to handle the various specifications of constructions. wisdom concerning the use of glass in constructions alongside clinical traces is a 'gap' within the shortly to be had literature. The publication is an try and specialize in finished instructions to be used of glass in structures. It covers: *Evolution of glass to the current kingdom, *Glass forms with their homes and makes use of, *Selection of glass for particular functions and makes use of, *Determination of thickness of glass utilized in exteriors of structures, *Safe use of glass in interiors, *Prevalent glazing structures, *'Do's and 'Don'ts' approximately use of glass in structures. As consolidated instructions, the publication is of gigantic worth for architects, engineers, designers, consultancy organisations, contractors, developers, window fabricators, glass brands, glass processing and scholars of structure, engineering and inside layout.
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Other areas where laminated glass is used are: • • • • • • • • Curtain wall glazing Sloped glazing Skylights Glass roofs & floors Aquariums Animal observatory windows Safety glazing for partitions Security glazing for banks against bullets/ hand propelled objects. • Earthquakes, high velocity winds & fire resistance applications. 3 TEMPERED OR TOUGHENED GLASS Tempered glass is an extremely strong glass which is heat treated to a uniform temperature of approximately 650ºC and rapidly cooled to induce compressive stresses of 770 kg/m2 to 1462 kg/m2 on the surfaces and edge compression of the order of 680 kg/m2.
With the exception of strength and breakage characteristics, heat strengthened glass retains the normal properties of annealed glass, including chemical resistance, hardness, expansion and deflection. Heat-strengthened glass provides necessary resistance to thermal stress associated with high performance glazing materials such as tinted glass and reflective glass. It also provides necessary resistance to heat building up when using spandrel glass. Heat-strengthened glass with its flatter surface also results in the facade having less optical distortions.
E. any person accidentally coming in contact with glass should not be injured. This does not presuppose that the glass will not be broken under impact conditions, but rather that it will not be broken under the most likely forms of impact or, when broken, the likelihood of cutting and piercing injuries will be minimized. Recommends for use of Grade ‘A’, & ‘B’ safety glazing materials. Grade ‘A’ being the stronger safety glass is followed by Grade ‘B’. 5 m2 may be used. 14 may be used in any of the following cases: i) where the clear opening width of the glass is not wider than 500 mm at any part.