By Riddle, Theodate Pope; Riddle, Theodate Pope; O'Gorman, James F
Nestled within the bucolic village of Farmington, Connecticut, on the summit of 152 hilltop acres, sits what many architectural historians deliberate to be the best Colonial Revival condo within the usa. The 33,000-square-foot Hill-Stead used to be equipped for Alfred Pope, a filthy rich Cleveland industrialist searching for an East Coast nation property to accommodate his world-class selection of French impressionist artwork. the home used to be designed via his daughter, Theodate, a self-trained architect of substantial expertise and ambition at a time whilst ladies of her classification have been anticipated to target family members and social prestige. within the spring of 1901, Alfred and Ada Pope moved into their "great new condo on a hilltop," as American novelist and low houseguest Henry James may later describe it. simply as notable are Hill-Stead's grounds, designed in session with panorama architect Warren H. Manningfeaturing miles of dry-laid stone partitions, lawns, meadows, and woodlandsthe crowning jewel of that's the sunken backyard designed for Theodate via her pal Beatrix Farrand. whilst Theodate died in 1946, her will stipulated that the contents of the home by no means be moved, lent, or offered. this day, it's maintained besides the grounds as a not-for-profitmuseum.
Hill-Stead is the 1st accomplished monograph in this vintage American domestic. Editor James F. O'Gorman combines stunning colour pictures of the house's structure, paintings, and furniture with the newest historic scholarship. the 19 interval rooms offered in situ contain work by way of Cassatt, Degas, Manet, Monet, and Whistler; eastern woodblock prints; and works on paper by means of Whistler, Piranesi, Dürer, and Millet. furniture, together with unique Chippendale, Sheraton, and Empire-period antiques are all thereright down toTheodate's parrot, crammed yet nonetheless fascinating in his pagoda cage in her morning room. The relatives silver and china might be considered within the kitchen, and monogrammed bathtub towels nonetheless grasp over the large porcelain tubs. Hill-Stead features a long-overdue reappraisal of the layout contributions of Theodate Pope Riddle. The layout of Hill-Stead, lengthy thought of to be principally the paintings of the company McKim Mead and White, is published to be the paintings of 1 of this country's earliest very important girls architects. Hill-Stead includes a preface by means of architect Robert A. M. Stern
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Extra info for Hillstead House : the country place of Theodate Pope Riddle
23 Although the statement was made in reference to an arboreal problem described by Theodate, it clearly had wider implications. Two years later she was ready to tackle a much larger project in a retrospective vein—her parents’ house up the hill. 24 Hill-Stead was created in the bucolic Connecticut River Valley as a foil to the Pope family’s urban setting in Cleveland. The style of the Euclid Avenue home stood in contrast to that of Hill-Stead. The Boston architect William Ralph Emerson (1833– 1917) designed the former in 1883, while at the peak of his career.
H. Richardson also said he could design in this fashion. In his maturity he never drew anything other than thumbnail sketches— 54 Hill-Stead and Its Architect “conceptual diagrams,” as his biographer (and later, friend of Theodate) Marianna Van Rensselaer, called them. These were translated into architectural graphics by Richardson’s assistants, who then signed the drawings with his name. 17 An architect mentally formulates a design and then may draw it or may tell an assistant to draw it: in either case the person conceiving is the designer.
She later added to it a second historic building she called “The Gundy,” thus creating an additive composition of colonial work and anticipating on a small scale her approach to the massing of Hill-Stead. Such hands-on experience equals, if not exceeds, academic training. Theodate was aided in this project, first by Henry Hall Mason, a local builder-architect who, as we have seen, would later work at Hill-Stead, and then by the architect Melvin H. Hapgood of Hartford, who designed in the “Old Colonial” style.