By Geoff Eley, Marc Ferro, Mike Haynes, Jim Wolfreys, Daniel Bensaïd
In History and Revolution, a bunch of revered historians confronts the conservative, revisionist tendencies in ancient enquiry which were dominant within the final two decades. starting from an exploration of the English, French, and Russian revolutions and their therapy through revisionist historiography, to the debates and issues coming up from makes an attempt to downplay revolution’s position in heritage, History and Revolution also engages with a number of widespread revisionist historians, together with Orlando Figes, Conrad Russell and Simon Schama.
This vital ebook exhibits the shortcoming of revisionism to give an explanation for why hundreds of thousands are moved to behave in defence of political motives, and why particular political currents emerge, and is an important reassertion of the idea that of revolution in human improvement.
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Extra resources for History and Revolution: Refuting Revisionism
79 So what we have is a new social interpretation o f the Civil W ar and Revolution that situates it within the context o f the transition from feudalism to capitalism in which agrarian capitalism emerges out o f the shell o f landed property and feudal lordship as opposed to the rise o f an urban or rural bourgeoisie at the expense o f a feudal nobility. The rise o f capitalism results in a change in the nature of power relations at the level o f English society; commercial landlords and capitalist tenants employ impersonal forms of coercion in the form of competitive economic rents over a peasantry that is being polarized between those who succeed in the land market, and those who do not.
That every man that is to live under a government ought first by his own consent to put himself under that government’. Sovereignty, therefore, is o f the popular variety. But even more significandy, it is to be granted to each man equally, regardless o f class position. Rainsborough’s position contains another radical element - the right o f resistance being granted to the poor. 82 So not only is consent linked to the franchise in the sense o f being the essence of consent, consent is also the prerequisite for the obligation to obey authority.
The established merchant oligarchy was politically dependent upon the Crown for the privileges that it enjoyed, in the form o f patents and monopolies, in order to retain the exclusiveness o f its trade. In return for the granting o f these trading privileges, the Crown would have access to customs duties and other forms of import tariffs in order to offset its own fiscal crisis. In response to this mercantile exclusiveness, upwardly mobile artisans and tradesmen who sought access to the riches that could be earned through trade had to find new ways into the trading business.