By Philippa Lewis
This richly illustrated and beneficial source reaches again 5 centuries to record the evolution and ingenuity of residence layout within the British Isles. The structure of Britains homes screens a dizzying number of kinds and info. Brimming with six hundred full-colour photos, condominium annotates thousands of examples from each achieveable attitude: from gables and pediments to chimneys and roofs from bow home windows and casements to fanlights and door furnishings. Armed with a careers worthy of expertise and examine, Philippa Lewis takes readers up and down the rustic to add examples of normally British development, together with cottages, manor homes, castles, bungalows, and apartments. She additionally appears to be like at homes outfitted from a wide selection of fabrics, together with stone, glass, wooden, brick or even corrugated iron, in numerous settings corresponding to rural, suburban, seashore and concrete. vigorous texts support determine particular information and position them of their ancient context, in addition to delivering compelling examples of the way cutting edge conversions of buildings resembling watermills, gatehouses, and church buildings replicate and maintain their atmosphere. Readers attracted to architectural background and layout, and somebody trying to comprehend the nooks and crannies in their own residence, will locate this designated advisor the main eye-opening and complete of its variety.
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45 Bungalows, Crofts and Single-storey Houses Many bungalows were built on land unsuitable for permanent development — riversides, shorelines, pockets of farmland — but as they were only intended for holiday use they avoided planning regulations. Typical of these were the communities of Jaywick Sands in Essex and the so-called ‘Plotlands’ in Essex and Kent. Here eastenders from London travelled out on trains and buses to build their own small rural retreats. When the government was faced with an acute housing shortage towards the end of World War II prefabricated bungalows were the quick-fix solution in a country short of materials and skilled construction workers.
138 Tudor Revival moulded terra-cotta pots; Charlton Musgrove, Somerset; c. 1860. HOUSE | C as they were first called) was a breakthrough as they increased updraught. They came into general use in the second half of the 18th century, and as a result the shape of the chimney was reduced to just a plinth for the pots. Increasing expectations of home comfort, plus easier transportation of coal, meant that bedrooms, and even attics, were built with fireplaces, and chimney pots proliferated. The tall chimney stack with smoke curling from the top remained, however, still an essential part of the picturesque rural vision, and the importance of the chimney as an element of house design was reinstated in the early 19th century, particularly on buildings that might be labelled ‘Tudor’, ‘Elizabethan’ or ‘Old English’.
In the 1960s they were connected to drainage and electricity. Dungeness, Kent. HOUSE | B 111 112 114 115 113 116 117 118 115 Prefab aluminium bungalow, codenamed B2, which was developed by the Aircraft Industries Research Organisation for Housing from 1945 onwards, and craned onto site with interior fitting complete. Other prefabs, such as the Arcon and Phoenix types were steel or timber framed and clad in asbestos cement panels. Cam, Gloucestershire. 116 Basic bungalow built on farmland in the 1920s with no access to a proper road or utilities but with the views facing south overlooking the estuary, harbour and to the sea beyond.