Human Nature and Natural Knowledge: Essays Presented to by Fred R. Berger (auth.), Alan Donagan, Anthony N. Perovich PDF

By Fred R. Berger (auth.), Alan Donagan, Anthony N. Perovich Jr., Michael V. Wedin (eds.)

Everybody is familiar with Marjorie Grene. partially, it is because she is a presence: her vividness, her power, her acute intelligence, her severe side, her fast humor, her love of speaking, her ardour for philosophy - all mix to make her inevitable. Marjorie Grene can't be ignored or neglected or undervalued. She is there - Dasein personified. it truly is an honor to offer a Festschrift to her. It honors philosophy to honor her. Professor Grene has formed American philosophy in her distinc­ tive approach (or, we should always say, in targeted ways). She was once one of the first to introduce Heidegger's suggestion ... seriously ... to the yank and English philosophical group, first in her early essay within the magazine of Philosophy (1938), after which in her e-book Heidegger (1957). She has written in addition on Jaspers and Marcel, as within the Kenyon overview (1957). Grene's ebook Dreadful Freedom (1948) used to be essentially the most very important and influential introductions to Existentialism, and her works on Sartre were one of the such a lot profound and insightful stories of his philosophy from the earliest to the later writings: her publication Sartre (1973), and her papers 'L'Homme est une ardour inutile: Sartre and Heideg­ ger' within the Kenyon overview (1947), 'Sartre's idea of the Emo­ tions' in Yale French stories (1948), 'Sartre: A Philosophical research' in brain (1969), 'The Aesthetic discussion of Sartre and Merleau-Ponty' within the preliminary quantity of the magazine of the British Society for Phenomenology (1970), 'On First examining L'Idiot de

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Extra info for Human Nature and Natural Knowledge: Essays Presented to Marjorie Grene on the Occasion of Her Seventy-Fifth Birthday

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This rough sketch of the issues that Goldschmidt raised shows how hard it would be to evaluate the merits of his case vis a vis that of such proponents of the classical theory of the gene as H. J. Muller. For those whose knowledge of the technical literature or whose competence to evaluate the evidence in hand was not up to the task, the best strategy was to obtain an estimate of the standing and authority of the various disputants, the reliability of their experimental technique and techniques, the thoroughness with which they had met the objections of their opponents, the relative standing of their disciplines, their following - or lack of a following - by the experts in the field, and so on.

Part of the job of evaluation, then, must be to establish some sort of balance sheet on which one not only tots up the evidence in hand, but also assigns some sorts of weights to the individual pieces of evidence and to the various approaches to the class of problems (or theories) in question. This is an onerous task, normally requiring a long term process of repatterning, probing, testing, and debate. Such debates, typically, cannot be resolved in the short term by use of the traditional sorts of "objective" evidentially-based grounds preferred by classical epistemology.

One can avoid this disastrous impasse by broadening the class of considerations with which one is allowed to work in making cognitive appraisals to include those which are actually employed by the members of the relevant disciplines at the time of the dispute. And, as has by now been amply demonstrated, these include judgments of the relative authority and reliability of the individuals and techniques involved and, given the unfortunate imperfections of knowledge and technique, an assessment of what issues the relevant parties are responsible to address or resolve.

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