Linguistic Politeness in Britain and Uruguay: A Contrastive - download pdf or read online

By Rosina Márquez Reiter

The 1st well-researched contrastive pragmatic research of requests and apologies in British English and Uruguayan Spanish. It takes the shape of a cross-cultural corpus-based research utilizing female and male local audio system of every language and systematically alternating an analogous social variables in either cultures.

The info are elicited from a non-prescriptive open role-play yielding requests and apologies. The research of the speech acts is predicated on an variation of the specific scheme constructed by way of Blum-Kulka et al. (1989).

The effects convey that audio system of English and Spanish fluctuate of their collection of (in)directness degrees, head-act adjustments, and the politeness varieties of men and women in either cultures.

Reference to an intensive bibliography and the thorough dialogue of methodological matters referring to speech act reports deserve the eye of scholars of pragmatics in addition to readers drawn to cultural issues.

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The former is a person’s desire to be unimpeded by others, to be free to act without being imposed upon. The latter is a person’s wish to be desirable to at least some other who will appreciate and approve of one’s self and one’s personality. ‘Positive face’ is fundamentally determined by the culture and by the social group to which the participant belongs; it is ultimately of an idiosyncratic nature. ‘Face’, they claim, is ‘something that is emotionally invested, and that can be lost, maintained or enhanced, and must be constantly attended to in interaction’ (1978: 66).

Ide (1988) points out that politeness strategies and polite forms in Japanese are not always the results of the principle of rationality but of conventionality: If the framework of linguistic politeness is to restrict the scope to a rational or logical use of the strategies, we will have to exclude not only the use of honorifics but also greetings, speech formulas used for rituals, and many other formal speech elements which are used according to social conventions (p. 3) culture like Japan and that the authors’ theory is based upon a rational individualistic Western tradition.

Bearing on Schumacher’s (1972) distinction between ‘consciousness’ (the ability to respond 14. Markus & Kitayama (1991: 227) point out that the notion of an interdependent ‘self’ is linked with a monistic philosophical tradition in which the person is thought to be of the same substance as the rest of nature, and thus the relationship between the ‘self’ and the other is assumed to be much closer; whereas the independent ‘self’ is linked with Western Cartesian thinking in which the ‘self’ is separated from the object and from the natural world.

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