Download e-book for kindle: Low-Dimensional Solids by Duncan W. Bruce, Dermot O'Hare, Richard I. Walton

By Duncan W. Bruce, Dermot O'Hare, Richard I. Walton

With actual homes that frequently is probably not defined through the transposition of actual legislation from 3D house throughout to 2nd or maybe 1D house, low-dimensional solids show a excessive measure of anisotropy within the spatial distribution in their chemical bonds. which means they could reveal new phenomena corresponding to charge-density waves and will demonstrate nanoparticulate (0D), fibrous (1D) and lamellar (2D) morphologies.

This text presents the most fresh study into the synthesis and houses of those solids and covers:

  • Metal Oxide Nanoparticles
  • Inorganic Nanotubes and Nanowires
  • Biomedical functions of Layered Double Hydroxides
  • Carbon Nanotubes and comparable buildings
  • Superconducting Borides

Introducing issues similar to novel layered superconductors, inorganic-DNA supply platforms and the chemistry and physics of inorganic nanotubes and nanosheets, this ebook discusses probably the most fascinating suggestions during this constructing box.

extra volumes within the Inorganic Materials booklet sequence:

Molecular Materials
useful Oxides
Porous Materials
power fabrics

All volumes are sold separately or as entire five quantity Set.Content:
Chapter 1 steel Oxide Nanoparticles (pages 1–76): Alan V. Chadwick and Shelly L. P. Savin
Chapter 2 Inorganic Nanotubes and Nanowires (pages 77–162): C. N. R. Rao, S. R. C. Vivekchand and A. Govindaraj
Chapter three Biomedical purposes of Layered Double Hydroxides (pages 163–187): Jin?Ho Choy, Jae?Min Oh and Dae?Hwan Park
Chapter four Carbon Nanotubes and comparable constructions (pages 189–227): M. Angeles Herranz, Juan Luis Delgado and Nazario Martin
Chapter five Magnesium Diboride MgB2: an easy Compound with vital actual homes (pages 229–286): Michael Pissas

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Additional resources for Low-Dimensional Solids

Sample text

The question then arises as to the nature of the interfaces between the crystallites as the grains will have virtually random orientations on compression. This will create grain boundaries with a range of angles of mismatch. ) and the degree of strain. This is a very important point when it comes to the interpretation of the transport data in these samples. Recent transport measurements have been performed on nanocrystalline thin films, either single layers on an inert substrate or multilayers, and in these cases the interfaces are more well-defined than in compacted samples.

The EXAFS data for ZrO2 represent a typical example. e. [102,103] However, similar measurements on carefully prepared films, with particle sizes down to 6 nm found the EXAFS was indistinguishable from the bulk[104] and great care has to be taken to ensure all hydroxyl species are removed from the sample. 7. [107] However, again sample preparation has been shown to be important. u. 7 The Fourier transform of Zr K-edge EXAFS of bulk and ball-milled monoclinic ZrO2 at 17 K. The Fourier transform has been corrected with the phase shift of the first shell.

253] In addition, they may offer some resistance to poisoning by water vapour. The addition of a second metal oxide or cation may provide unique adsorption sites on the surface and thus catalyse specific reactions and has been widely reported. The dopant may affect the response of the sensor material through a range of routes. For example, dopants will modify the electronic properties of the material by creating discrete donor or acceptor levels within the band gap. They may also introduce defects that affect the conductance and may alter the morphology of the material.

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