Download PDF by James A. Ford, R. Lee Lyman, Professor Michael J. O'Brien,: Measuring the Flow of Time: The Works of James A. Ford,

By James A. Ford, R. Lee Lyman, Professor Michael J. O'Brien, Gordon Willey

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication

This choice of Ford's works specializes in the advance of ceramic chronology—a key software in Americanist archaeology.


When James Ford all started archaeological fieldwork in 1927, students divided time easily into prehistory and background. although definitely motivated via his colleagues, Ford dedicated his existence to constructing a chronology for prehistory according to ceramic forms, and at the present time he merits credits for bringing chronological order to the mammoth archaeological list of the Mississippi Valley.


This ebook collects Ford's seminal writings exhibiting the significance of pottery types in relationship websites, inhabitants pursuits, and cultures. those works outlined the improvement of ceramic chronology that culminated within the significant quantity Archaeological Survey within the reduce Mississippi Alluvial Valley, 1940-1947, which Ford wrote with Philip Phillips and James B. Griffin. as well as Ford's early writings, the gathering contains articles written with Griffin and Gordon Willey, in addition to different key papers through Henry Collins and Fred Kniffen.


Editors Michael O'Brien and Lee Lyman have written an advent that units the degree for every bankruptcy and gives a cohesive framework from which to envision Ford's principles. A foreword by means of Willey, himself a player during this chronology improvement, appears to be like again at the foundation of that approach. Measuring the stream of Time lines the advance of tradition heritage in American archaeology through delivering a unmarried reference for all of Ford's writing on chronology. It chronicles the formation of 1 of crucial instruments for figuring out the prehistory of North the United States and indicates its lasting relevance.


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Additional resources for Measuring the Flow of Time: The Works of James A. Ford, 1935-1941

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It is in a continuous state Introduction 7 of evolutionary change since it is constantly influenced both by inventions from within and the introduction of new ideas from without the group .... , and clear indications of it may be noted by a study ofthe articles they have left behind them .... , used during time covered by one of these ancient cultures can be arranged in the sequence in which they occurred, it is possible to determine the relative ages of the various old towns .... The simplest means of arranging such a chronology is to select some one element of culture which appears commonly on the ancient sites and which was subject to rapid change in form.

Kniffen (1938) followed Ford's lead when he added the right-hand column to his table. Because marker types for anyone complex occurred on sites that contained marker types for other periods, Kniffen was faced with the problem of what to call the periods. Ford must have given him the answer: create intermediate periods to reflect the occurrence at sites of marker types for more than one complex. Thus Kniffen ended up with a period labeled Bayou Cutler-Marksville and another labeled Historic-Bayou Cutler.

It is difficult to overemphasize the importance of the Ann Arbor meeting in terms of what it meant for southeastern archaeology. Be- Introduction 31 fore we began this project and related ones (Lyman et al. , eds. 1997; O'Brien and Lyman 1997, 1998), we were under the erroneous impression that the Southeast was a recipient of a potterytyping system that had been completely worked out in the Southwest to everyone's satisfaction. Nothing could be further from the truth. Although it is true that the binomial system began in the Southwest and was imported by Ford to the Southeast via the Ann Arbor meeting, little was settled in the Southwest by 1938.

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