By Z F Cui, H S Muralidhara
Membrane know-how is a speedily constructing sector, with key progress accross the method quarter, together with biotech separation and biomedical functions (e.g. haemodialysis, synthetic lungs), via to massive scale business functions within the water and waste-water processing and the foods and drinks industries. As procedures mature, and the price of membranes keeps to dramatically decrease, so their purposes and use are set to extend. method engineers desire entry to the newest info during this zone to aid with their day-by-day paintings and to assist to strengthen and observe new and ever extra effective liquid processing ideas. This ebook covers the newest applied sciences and functions, with contributions from top figures within the box. all through, the emphasis is on providing recommendations to practitioners. actual global case stories and information from best corporations -- together with Cargill, Lilly, Microbach, ITT -- suggest this ebook gives you the newest suggestions in addition to a serious operating connection with filtration and separation pros. * Covers the most recent applied sciences and functions during this fast-paced bioprocessing zone* offers a variety of case stories that ascertain readers enjoy the hard-won event of others, saving time, funds and energy. * international category writer workforce headed up by means of the Chair of Chemical Engineering at Oxford college, united kingdom and the vice chairman of Plant Operations and procedure know-how at Cargill Corp, the nutrients companies corporation and biggest privately owned corporation within the US.
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Additional resources for Membrane Technology: A Practical Guide to Membrane Technology and Applications in Food and Bioprocessing (Butterworth-Heinemann IChemE)
Lime in particular will cause cracking of polysulphone and quickly destroy polysulphone membranes. This is attributed to limonene, a component of lime juice. In contrast, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) has proven to be stable in lime juice. Orange and lemon are less aggressive, but there have been instances of the polyester substrate tubes, on which the membrane layer is coated, being weakened resulting in a shorter membrane life than in other juice applications. Colored Juices This group of juices are generally the red to purple colored fruits such as grape, strawberry, blackcurrant, etc.
Membrane industry has been performing an excellent research and development (R&D) work on membrane materials, to make them suitable for a wide variety of applications with extended life. Significant efforts have also led to a full range of new nanofiltration membranes. , together with additional pieces of equipment for fluid flow and control are needed for operation. Better systems and advanced controls, easier to operate, are also amongst the positive steps taken by membrane industry. 4 The selling price of a product is a strong function of product concentration and, consequently, cost of separation and/or purification.
The ability to recycle or find an application for the other stream is often the key for an economically feasible application, and the path to an integral usage of raw materials and an environmentally friendlier process. Membranes need periodic cleaning to maintain their performance at the desired level. Cleaning is performed using aggressive chemicals at moderate temperatures (following manufacturer’s recommendations). Despite this, they never result in a complete (100% effective) performance recovery, they always result detrimental to membranes, and they add to waste water.