G.Ali Mansoori, Thomas F. George, Lahsen Assoufid, Guoping's Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology: From PDF

By G.Ali Mansoori, Thomas F. George, Lahsen Assoufid, Guoping Zhang

This ebook is the results of the examine and academic actions of a gaggle of exceptional scientists all over the world who've authored the chapters of this ebook facing the habit of nanoscale development blocks. It incorporates a number of matters overlaying computational, dry and rainy nanotechnology. The state of the art themes offered the following give you the reader with the newest advancements on ongoing nanoscience and nanotechnology study from the bottom-up strategy, which begins with atoms and molecules as molecular development blocks.

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Extra resources for Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology: From Diamondoids to Nanoscale Materials and Applications

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1 in Poot et al. 2003); , (s2 + s1 ) at temperature T and pressure p. temperature. Another striking feature of these phase diagrams is that the slope of the melting curve is five times smaller than the slope of the melting curves of alkanes. 14. 1011 for (butane + diamantane). At higher mole fractions dew points and critical points could not be measured due to the temperature limitations of the equipment. 12 The melting curves of adamantane and diamantane at temperature T and pressure p. 13 Vapor + liquid equilibria for {(1 − x) butane +x adamantane}: phase boundaries at T and p and constant adamantane mole fraction x.

Diamantane, triamantane, and their alkyl-substituted compounds, just as adamantane, are also present in certain petroleum crude oils. Their concentrations in crude oils are generally lower than that of adamantane and its alkyl-substituted P1: GFZ SVNY320-Mansoori December 29, 2006 14:50 3. Diamondoids as Molecular Building Blocks for Nanotechnology 49 compounds. In rare cases, tetra-, penta-, and hexamantanes are also found in petroleum crude oils. Their diamondlike rigidity and strength make them ideal for molecular building blocks.

The use of these antifriction additives to motor oils leads to faster green run of engines, increased service life, and fuel economy. Many technological lubricants and solid lubricating coatings traditionally use graphite and molybdenum disulfide as additives. Addition of small-size solid particles into lubricants improves lubricity. The size of solid particles should not exceed 1–2 microns. UDD and diamond-containing carbon products of detonation synthesis conform to this requirement. The efficiency of using UDDG additives in this direction was confirmed during their introduction into process lubricants for cold die forging and drawing of high-alloy steels and alloys.

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