By Bryna Goodman
This e-book explores the function of local position institutions in the improvement of contemporary chinese language city society and the function of native-place identification within the improvement of city nationalism. From the past due 19th to the early 20th century, sojourners from different provinces ruled the inhabitants of Shanghai and different increasing advertisement chinese language towns. those immigrants shaped local position institutions starting within the imperial interval and persisting into the mid-twentieth century. Goodman examines the modernization of those institutions and argues that below vulnerable city executive, local position sentiment and association flourished and had a profound impact on urban existence, social order and concrete and nationwide id.
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Extra resources for Native Place, City, and Nation: Regional Networks and Identities in Shanghai, 1853-1937
Although all three groups were fellow Jiangsu provincials, and although their records indicate cooperation for specific purposes, they maintained separate subprovincial organizations well into the Republican era. Separate native-place trade organizations similarly comprised the Shanghai silk trade. The names and dates of establishment of some of these associations are as follows: 1853 — Shengzi and Wangjiangjing silk merchants, Jiangsu (Sheng-Jing Chouye Gongsuo)  Hui-Ning sigongtang chajuan zhengxinlu (Tea-tax record-book of the Hui-Ning Hall of Thoughtful Reverence), 1875-1934, hand-copied manuscript, courtesy of Du Li, Shanghai Museum.
Consideration of Chinese terminology therefore cannot alone describe the scope of the problem. We must also discuss western terminology. In their efforts to comprehend and classify Chinese native-place and trade associations, scholars have employed two western-language terms, "guild" and "landsmannschaften, " to convey the nature of the groups involved.  This discrepancy in terminology results not only from the different economic arguments that have surrounded the associations but also from the fact that there appears to be no western term that incorporates both landsmann and trade characteristics.
Zhejiang merchants dominated the southern group (nanbang ); Shandong merchants controlled the northern group (beibang ). Although the two groups cooperated in the trade asso CHYB, 1927. A single reference to this Chaozhou organization in the meeting notes for 1925 suggests that it existed in some fashion several years before 1927; Shanghai shangye minglu (Commercial directory of Shanghai) (Shanghai, 1931), sections on business groups.  A loose trade federation like the Bean Trade Association must have functioned in practice similarly to the separate but cooperating Jiangsu jewelry associations.