By T. Dyson
During this e-book, Dyson explains the convergence and divergence among British, French and German defence reforms within the post-Cold conflict period. He engages with cultural and realist theories and develops a neoclassical realist method of swap and stasis in defence coverage, bringing new fabric to endure at the elements that have affected defence reforms.
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Additional info for Neoclassical Realism and Defence Reform in Post-Cold War Europe (New Security Challenges)
62 The ‘revolutionary’ changes of FM 3-24 must, however, be contextualised within the broader direction to transformation provided by the last QDR of 2006. 63 Yet the 2006 QDR was illustrative of an overall process of military change that continues to be led by faith in the transformative power of technology suitable predominately for war against state-based adversaries. For example, until the advent of the administration of President Barack Obama (2009) the Army continued to devote significant attention to putting in place the structural and doctrinal reforms that will be necessary to implement the FCS system into combat formations rather than creating a balance in force structure and capabilities between the requirements of warfighting and stabilisation/COIN (Betz, 2007: 225).
This concept encompassed the idea that US forces would be most likely to encounter the rapid emergence of simultaneous humanitarian, peacekeeping/post-conflict reconstruction and high-intensity warfighting operations in urban environments as small as ‘three blocks’ (Ho, 2005: Metz, 2006: 7; Terriff, 2007). Under its Chief of Staff, General George Sullivan (1991–95), the Army emphasised the challenge posed by asymmetric threats and ‘Operations Other Than War’ (OOTW) (humanitarian and peace-keeping missions), in addition to conventional 14 Neoclassical Realism and Defence Reform in Post-Cold War Europe warfare and the necessity to retain the ability to deploy force on land in order to consolidate the gains achieved by air and naval power (Kagan, 2006: 166–7; Metz, 2006: 7).
Secondly, investment has cohered around precision guided munitions, in order to improve accuracy and economy in the application of force. Investment has also focused on increasing force mobility and the speed of force deployment and application, not only by investing in more mobile weapons systems, but also improving command and control (C2) and intelligence systems to ‘achieve synergism in time, space, purpose and effect’ (Reynolds, 2006: 454). Finally, capability procurement has centred around air and naval power in order to enhance the speed and scope of US power projection and the precision of force application by marrying advances in space and ground intelligence system with aircraft weapons systems, in order to endow the military with a ‘stand off’ advantage (Reynolds, 2006: 454).