By J. E. Amoore, M. G. J. Beets, J. T. Davies, T. Engen, J. Garcia, R. C. Gesteland, P. P. C. Graziadei, K.-E. Kaissling, R. A. Koelling, J. LeMagnen, P. MacLeod, D. G. Moulton, M. M. Mozell, D. Ottoson, T. S. Parsons, S. F. Takagi, D. Tucker, B. M. Wenzel (
Olfaction is concerned in detail in of the main simple features of animals: meals consumption and replica. There also are many different involvements of olfaction in animal habit, now not the least being verbal exchange. The authors of this quantity have accrued and evaluated the comparative anatomy, electron microscopy, electrophysiology, genetics, psychology, chemistry, and biophysics of the olfactory approach after which indicated their roles in animal habit. the significance of olfaction within the daily life of an animal is simply being learned totally and up to date years have introduced forth an outstanding surge of analysis during this sector. the various dis ciplines that give a contribution to our knowing of olfaction make the improvement of this quantity lucrative for these operating during this box. The olfactory system's very excessive sensitivity and its nice energy of molecular discrimination pursuits many chemists and physicists. information from the research of either vertebrates and bugs exhibit that just one molecule of sure odors is critical to stimulate a unmarried olfactory receptor! The underlying physicochemical occasions should not but understood. additionally, many mammals can discriminate quick the adaptation among odors of comparable constitution. hence the olfactory epithelium and the extra centrally positioned neural elements current the last word in chemical detection and research by way of a organic approach. the foundations concerned are most likely universal to these of many different organs.
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Physiol. 60, 151-155 (1968). ANDRES, K. : Der Feinbau der Regio Olfactoria von Makrosmatikern. Z. Zellforsch. 69, 140-154 (1966). - Der olfatorische Saum der Katze. Z. Zellforsch. 96, 250-274 (1969a). - Personal communication (1969b). : Etude des terminaisons nerveuses neuro-vegetatives au niveau de la muqueuse nasale. Acta oto-laryng. ) 57, 368-376 (1964). : Die Methylenblaufarbung als histologische Methode. Anat. Anz. 2, 125-135 (1887). : Das Geruchsorgan. In: STRICKER, S. Handb. der Lehre von den Geweben des Menschen und der Thiere.
2, 591-602 (1967). : Electron microscope observations on chemo- and mechano-receptor cells of fishes. Z. Zellforsch. 54, 654--676 (Hlfil). : Olfactory, vomeronasal and trigeminal receptor responses to odorants. In: Olfaction and taste. Oxford: Pergamon 1963. - Olfactory cilia are not required for receptor function. Fed. Proc. 26, 544 (1967). 58 P. P. C. : Le neuro-epithelium olfactif et sa membrane limitate interne. Mem. Acad. roy. Mea. Belg. 20, 45 (1909). : Contributions a l'etude de la muqueuse olfactive chez les mammiferes.
Bowman's Glands. Bowman's glands are tubular alveolar units found only in the olfactory region of all vertebrates except fish. They are localized in the lamina propria with their ducts opening at the epithelial surface. While their histological composition is quite similar among species, the ultrastructural details of the secretory cells vary from species to species. Furthermore, within a species, cells with a variable organelle content is observed. In mice, FRISH (1967) described light and dark cells and intermediate types as well.