By R. M. Lawson, Steel Construction Institute (Great Britain)
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Extra info for Over-cladding of existing buildings using light steel
The end gables had no windows and the joints were completely worn out and leaked, so, in the 1980s, the gables were over-clad with sheeting and additional insulation. 25 mm thick cold formed galvanized steel Z-sections was erected on galvanized steel angles bolted to the frame of the concrete structure. A 100 mm Rockwool layer was placed between the Z-sections and covered with a wind-barrier. 6 mm thick steel sheet coated with the “Versacor” coating system (consisting of a thick epoxy layer on both sides of the sheet and a silicone-polyester layer on top of the epoxy layer on the outside of the sheet).
Vestparken” Varde On the west coast of Jutland, approximately 20 km from the North Sea, is a small town called Varde. In 1970, the Cooperative Housing Society “Borgerligt Socialt Boligselskab” built 104 flats in 2, 3 and 4 storey blocks in an area known as “Vestparken”. The main construction was in masonry, and the 30 cm thick gable walls are insulated with standard 7 cm mineral fibre insulation in the middle. The facades and the balcony rails were pre-cast concrete elements. In the late 1980s, the concrete elements had already suffered a severe calcination and corrosion.
C As part of an over-cladding improvement scheme, it may be possible to provide a new pitched roof above an existing flat roof. In addition to reducing heat losses and so further reducing energy use, this can provide new habitable space which may be used for communal facilities, or as new dwelling units with additional revenue. C The common alternative to over-cladding an existing block is to demolish it and replace the dwellings. The initial cost of this is unlikely to be repaid over the lifetime of the dwellings by the future savings as compared to the over-cladding option.